reverse loan calculator
The FHA Home Equity Conversion Mortgage is a reverse loan and along with its many features for seniors, are different ways they can access their funds in the line-of-credit. They can choose to not take any kind of payment and simply take out some money at the close of escrow, or do a combination of the different options.
- Cash at the close of escrow with a “tenure” payment.
- Tenure payment only
- Modified Term payment and if they want it, cash at the close of escrow.
- Or no payments at all. But payments can be set up later if the borrower wishes to have one at any time in the future, as long as there are remaining funds in their account.
Very few of my clients have ever opted for any kind of monthly payment, but let’s take a look at what a Modified Term Payment is.
The borrower chooses a certain amount of money to be sent to them each month, such as $2,000 for 10 years. Depending on the age of the youngest borrower and how much money is available in their account, they will receive it each month but not for their lifetime.
At some point in the future, it will stop being sent to them, (10 years in this example) but if they still have money in their account, they can set up a new monthly payment, a tenure payment or stop it altogether or request a lump sum. Again, it depends on how much reserve they have in the line-of-credit.
Every person has their own unique concern or goal and depending on a number of factors, such as paying off a large mortgage, there may not be enough money left in the account to choose a payment option, but at the least, they will have eliminated their mortgage payment and that would become extra income to them each month.
In the post that I previously shared, I discussed the fees and costs the borrower pays when they originate a reverse loan, and I mentioned the fees were very similar to traditional mortgages with the exception of the Mortgage Insurance Premium.
This insurance fee is quite expensive and gives the reverse loan a reputation for having higher closing costs compared to more traditional loans and I agree. it is expensive, but it is important to understand why it is being charged and how it protects and benefits the borrower and their heirs.
A reverse mortgage or HECM is insured by the federal government and will be repaid in the future regardless of how long the borrower(s) lives or if the property value declines. It has a “non-recourse” feature and that means you can never owe more than the property is worth at the time the loan is repaid.
If for any reason all of the equity has been used over the years and now the loan balance exceeds the value of the property, the borrower and or the estate will not have to pay the difference between the two figures, as the MIP will cover the shortfall.
At the time of the loan application and Closing, the fee is currently 2% of the Maximum Claim Amount and an annual fee for the life of the loan at .50% that is charged upon the loan balance during the time the loan is active.
I don’t want to make my explanation too complicated or confusing, so, for now, I will conclude my comments but will discuss the fee further in my next post and why it’s such a great benefit to the borrower and their heirs.
I will explain what the Maximum Claim Amount is and also give a bit of information about what a “Principal Limit” is and why the “Expected Interest Rate” and not the Note rate is used to calculate the amount of funds an applicant may receive from their reverse mortgage.